Tuesday, December 6, 2011

Bifurcation stenting - RVOT. Branch PA, Coarctation

Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2011 Sep 1;78(3):419-24. doi: 10.1002/ccd.23025. Epub 2011 Mar 30.
A novel technique for stenting pulmonary artery and conduit bifurcation stenosis.
Stumper O, Bhole V, Anderson B, Reinhardt Z, Noonan P, Mehta C.
SourceHeart Unit, Birmingham Children's Hospital, United Kingdom. oliver.stumper@bch.nhs.uk

BACKGROUND: Distal conduit obstruction is a recognized complication after surgery for congenital heart disease requiring implantation of a conduit from the right ventricle to the pulmonary arteries. Endovascular stenting of distal conduit obstruction can be challenging due to the proximity to the pulmonary artery bifurcation.

OBJECTIVE: A technique is described, whereby a single stent is mounted onto two balloon angioplasty catheters in tandem. This ensemble was delivered to the distal conduit/pulmonary artery via a large Mullins sheath on two guidewires, one placed in each of the branch pulmonary arteries. The aim was to assess safety and efficacy of this novel technique.

MATERIALS AND RESULTS: Seven patients (mean age 13.4 (6.7-23.4) years, mean weight 44.2 (23-69) kg were treated with this method. The pressure gradient was reduced from 36 (26-52) mm Hg to 11 (8-15) mm Hg [P< 0.05]. RV/LV pressure ratio decreased from 0.85 (0.6-0.95) to 0.42 (0.35-0.5) [P < 0.05]. There were no significant complications. During follow-up over a median of 2.6 (0.3-6.7) years no patient required re-intervention or surgery.

CONCLUSION: This novel technique appears to be safe and effective for stenting stenoses just proximal to pulmonary artery bifurcation.

Copyright © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2011 Sep 1;78(3):425-7.

Dual wire technique for aortic coarctation stent placement.
Lampropoulos K, Budts W, Gewillig M.
SourceCongenital, University Hospitals Leuven, Belgium.

A young adult presented for percutaneous treatment of a narrow aortic coarctation. A very large left subclavian artery originated immediately proximal to the coarctation. In order not to exclude or jail the left subclavian artery with a stent, a double wire technique was used. From a femoral approach, two guide wires were positioned, one in the aortic arch and another in the subclavian artery. A stent crimped over a 16-mm balloon and a 4-Fr catheter was advanced over the two wires within a 14-Fr long introducer sheath. The stent was successfully deployed and molded within the bifurcation by a kissing balloon technique, relieving the obstruction and leaving a guaranteed passage to the subclavian artery. The double wire technique is an elegant way to deliver a stent safely across a narrowing with guaranteed access to important side branches.

Copyright © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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